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HOME > TOPICS > The Nonproliferation Regime      
The Nonproliferation Regime

The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons or Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) represents three basic bargains. The first is encapsulated in Articles One, and Two of the treaty. They prohibit states with nuclear weapons from transferring them or the means to make them to states that lack nuclear weapons, and ban nonweapons states from acquiring them. The second NPT bargain is set forth in Articles Three, Four and Six. These articles stipulate that the nuclear weapons states will negotiate in good faith to disarm and will share the benefits of peaceful nuclear energy with nonweapons states. In exchange, the nonweapons states pledge not to acquire nuclear weapons and to allow international inspections of their civilian nuclear facilities and materials to verify whether non-nuclear weapons states are in compliance with the treaty and are not diverting peaceful nuclear activities or materials to make nuclear weapons.

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Sep 28, 2014 Greg Jones: Ensuring the Iran Negotiations Do Not Promote the Spread of Nuclear Weapons
NPEC Senior Researcher Greg Jones argues the P5+1 should toughen its stance and demand that Iran give up all centrifuge enrichment, dismantle the Arak reactor, give up its heavy water stocks, and dismantle its heavy water production facility.  He argues that allowing Iran to retain its nuclear capabilities can inflict enduring damage on broader U.S. nonproliferation efforts by legitimizing centrifuge enrichment or heavy water plutonium production reactors for other countries as well, making it easy for them to produce nuclear material for weapons whenver they desire them.
Working Papers
Sep 10, 2014 September 10, 2014: Stimson Center Hosts NPEC Panel Discussion on Moving Beyond Pretense: Nuclear Power and Nuclear Proliferation
On September 10, 2014, Mathew Kroenig of Georgetown University and Patrick Roberts of Virginia Tech joined NPEC's executive diector and Brian Finlay of the Stimson Center's Managing Across Boundaries Initiative to discuss their chapters from NPEC's latest volume. The event marked the release of the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center’s latest research publication, Moving Beyond Pretense:  Nuclear Power and Nuclear Proliferation.  
Audio & Video
Jul 10, 2014 NPEC's executive director gives testimony at House Foreign Affairs Committee hearing "The Future of International Civilian Nuclear Cooperation."
Testimony of NPEC's Executive Director as presented to the House Foreign Affairs Committee's hearing on July 10, 2014, "The Future of International Civilian Nuclear Cooperation." His full written testimony is also available. See the House Foreign Affairs Committees website for additional witness testimony and a video of the hearing.  
Testimony & Transcripts
May 05, 2014 Greg Jones: Washington's "Comprehensive Solution" to Iran's Nuclear Program: Destined to be Neither
Negotiations on Iran’s nuclear program are continuing in an effort to produce a follow-on agreement, termed the “Comprehensive Solution,” to the November 2013 “Joint Plan of Action” (JPA).  Much of the discussion of the Comprehensive Solution has focused on the terms such an agreement should include to prevent Iran from being able to produce nuclear weapons.  However, this objective will not be attainable unless the agreement addresses key aspects of Iran’s nuclear program, fixes the flaws in the JPA which seriously constrain any agreement and recognizes fundamental problems with International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards as currently implemented.
Working Papers
Apr 17, 2014 NPEC's program advisor assesses just-released classified docs on Israeli NUMEC HEU theft in Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
On April 17, 2014, The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists published a piece by Victor Gilinsky and Roger J. Mattson, "Did Israel steal bomb-grade uranium from the United States?"
Articles
Mar 19, 2014 NPEC executive director signs letters to House and Senate urging support for nonproliferation Gold Standard
A bipartisan group of nuclear and security policy experts urge the House Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations to support stricter Congressional oversight of U.S. nuclear cooperation agreements, including H.R. 3766, the nonproliferation Gold Standard. Full text of letters and PDF versions accessible below. 
Official Docs & Letters
Mar 13, 2014 National Review Online Posts NPEC Analysis, "Iran's Arak Reactor and the Plutonium Bomb"
On March 13, 2014, NRO posted an article by NPEC's senior researcher Greg Jones that argues that the U.S. should insist that Iran never complete the Arak reactor, that it destroy the components for this reactor, export the 100 metric tons of heavy water that Iran has already produced, and shut down and dismantle the heavy-water-production plant at Arak. 
Op-Eds & Blogs
Mar 13, 2014 Nuclear Summit Preview - Nuclear Materials Gone Missing: NPEC-Congressional Nuclear Security Working Group Panel
On March 13, 2014, the Congressional Nuclear Security Working Group hosted an event to mark the online release of NPEC's new publication, Nuclear Weapons Materials Gone Missing: What Does History Teach?
Audio & Video
Feb 10, 2014 National Review Online Posts NPEC Analysis, "'Flexible' Nuclear Trade"
On February 10, 2014,  National Review Online posted an article that recounts a hearing at the Senate Foreign Relations Committee in which members of Congress rightly questioned the wisdom of the Obama administration's 'flexible' approach to nuclear trade, which actually may have dangerous proliferation consequences in the future.
Op-Eds & Blogs
Jan 30, 2014 NPEC Executive Director Gives Senate Testimony on Tightening Nonproliferation Rules
Prepared testimony of NPEC's executive director to a January 30, 2014 of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, "Section 123: Civilian Nuclear Cooperation Agreements"
Testimony & Transcripts
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The Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (NPEC), is a 501 (c)3 nonpartisan, nonprofit, educational organization
founded in 1994 to promote a better understanding of strategic weapons proliferation issues. NPEC educates policymakers, journalists,
and university professors about proliferation threats and possible new policies and measures to meet them.
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